You may be thinking, how many CV types exists and which is the best one to suit my current situation. We have all been there! There may be many CV examples, but only 2 stand out across the recruitment industry as the most likely to get you a job. We cover all the pros and cons of each of these two CV types.
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What types of CV exist?
At first you may think all CV’s are the same, the only main difference between each CV are the experiences and skills each candidate presents on their very own. This may be the case, however there are numerous ways to approach a CV. Depending on what type of industry you are seeking to enter or at what stage you are in your career, the type of CV you need will vary.
1- Chronological CV type
The most common of all CV types, the chronological CV follows a simple structure whereby each job role occupied in the past is listed in reverse chronological order, by stating the job title, the company and the roles occupied when working within the firm. Additionally, a short personal statement should be provided at the top of the CV describing your core competences and aspirations for the future.
The advantages of this type of CV are that it makes it much easier if/when you are applying for a position in the same industry as prior positions since it will demonstrate the progression you have made and how you have developed your skills across the roles occupied. Therefore, professionals seeking to climb the ladder within their company are strongly advised to use this type of cv structure. If you are still struggling with this type of format, don’t worry, as we have created many cv templates for hard-working professionals. Additionally, this is a format that is widely utilised and recognised by most recruiters and employers, as it allows them to access the information they want in a quick manner.
However, there are negatives to using this type of CV. If you have not worked continuously over your professional career, or have large gaps that you would rather not need to explain, this type of CV may make it obvious to the recruiter and question your past career roles. Additionally, if you are not looking to stay in the same industry, prior job roles are not as important as demonstrating how you intend to transfer soft and hard skills gained into the new industry you wish to enter.
2- Functional CV type
In a similar style to the chronological CV, the CV starts off with a personal statement. It highlights your skills, achievements and aspirations for your future and career in general. Whilst the structure of the CV is relatively the same, it differentiate itself from the others. This is the case as it focuses around skills, not job roles to highlight a candidate’s credential. This CV structure is more abundantly used by individuals seeking highly placed roles within an organisation. In addition, who do not only require job roles to scrutinise a person’s ability to perform the tasks they wish.
The advantages of a functional CV are for candidates who have had numerous roles in a variety of industries, possessing numerous skill sets which may be unrelated to one another. A functional cv structure will really enable the candidate to demonstrate all the types of skills learnt. The focus is therefore on what you have to offer as an individual, not the various steps you have taken in an industry to reach a certain position.
Nonetheless, if you are not an experienced individual, you may struggle to demonstrate a decent amount of skills which could be of interest.If you are looking to showcase career development, this CV will obfuscate that and employers will be much less likely to determine it even if you have made great strides. Furthermore, most recruiters are not very keen on this type of CV as it does not paint a clear picture right from the start, which may anger a lot of potential recruiters. We advise you to follow this structure only if it has been asked for.